Low mood and Depression

In life you have your ups and downs. Some days are good and some days, not so much. It is normal to feel sad sometimes. But when your sadness gets in the way of your daily life and activities then it might be more than just a case of the blues.

In some situations like losing a loved one, relationship issues, illness, pain or work stress can make you sad to the point where it feels like you might have a serious illness. These feelings may also appear as a result of changes in hormones during puberty, after you have a baby, or when you’re going through menopause. In these situations you may need some help, but these can not be defined as clinical depression. When you are feeling unhappy always, even though you don’t have these problems, you may be suffering from depression.

If you have a low mood, you will feel better after some time. Being able to overcome your problem, getting some rest or simply a good meal or going out with friends can make you feel better. If you feel better, you are not depressed.

A low mood can include symptoms like:





Low self-esteem



If these feelings do not improve then you may be depressed.

Symptoms of depression are like the symptoms of a low mood except, they are much more pronounced, they include:

continuous low mood or sadness

feeling hopeless and helpless

having low self-esteem

feeling tearful

feeling guilt-ridden

feeling irritable and intolerant of others

having no motivation or interest in things

finding it difficult to make decisions

not getting any enjoyment out of life

having suicidal thoughts or thoughts of harming yourself

feeling anxious or worried

Getting Help

It doesn’t matter what the reason for your sadness is, if these feelings are making it hard for you to continue with your daily life or are too much to cope with, then you may need to get some help.

If your sadness persists for more than a few weeks, it may be time to seek some help from a specialist.

When you need to seek help immediately

If your start to feel so helpless or hopeless that you begin to think that your life is not worth living, you need to get help immediately. Talk to a friend or a family member about how you are feeling. Share with them why you may be feeling this way and try to get help immediately. The usual response is to avoid counsellors or psychiatrists, that is not the right step. These experts can help you feel better about yourself and overcome your problems.

If you have been diagnosed with anxiety disorder or depression in the past, then you are more likely to suffer from them than anyone who hasn’t. In this case you must see a doctor or a psychologist as soon as possible.

Types of help available:

Self Help

You can adopt some lifestyle changes to combat the blues if you haven’t been diagnosed with depression. Here are steps you can take:

Make sure you get a good nights sleep and maintain regular hours for bedtime.

Reduce your alcohol intake

Have a healthy diet

Regular exercise

Reduce your alcohol intake

Have a healthy diet

Regular exercise

These habits can make you healthier and as a result more relaxed.

Other more advanced techniques include:

Learning yoga and meditation

Read the different self help books, they can be quite effective.

Talk to a counsellor.

Attempt breathing exercises.

If you are diagnosed with depression:

There are many different kinds of treatment options available to those with depression. You don’t always have to take medication. Often talking is the best form of treatment.

There are different talking therapies available to you if you are suffering from depression and your doctor will be able to tell you which one is best for you.

Antidepressants are medications used for the treatment of depression. There are four main types:

SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)- fluoxetine, paroxetine, citalopram

SNRI (serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)- venlafaxine, duloxetine

TCA (tricyclic antidepressants)- amitriptyline, nortriptyline, imipramine, clomipramine

MAO (monoamine oxidase inhibitors)- moclobemide, phenelzine

Each type has a different function and your doctor will prescribe the type that is right for you.

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Maya Expert Team